Which group of Nation States could Produce Terrorists?
Author: Josh Valdez
Periphery nations are ones of constant upraising and conflict. Due to the lack of government structure and stability make easy targets for social reform and power-hungry organizations. Periphery nations across the globe are known for guerilla type tactics in South America or tribal warfare and ethnic violence present in Africa. Terrorism may have many different definitions but it is the same mindset prevalent in periphery nations, it is a frustration that fueled by violence on the road to destruction. The presence of social tension of always coming out on bottom, by getting used and abused by both the core and semi-periphery nations, leads many in periphery nations to a break point. This break point results on a micro scale, typically within a local level. Mistreated groups that have control of valuable resources create social divisions between local political institutions or leaders that if not resolved will spread to a macro level. (Cultural Survival, 2005)
One of the most recent historical example of this uprising periphery uprising would be the Egyptian revolution of 2011. Millions of protesters demanded to overthrow the Egyptian President, Hosni Mubarak. For weeks these protester knew that they were creating havoc across the country and due to the weak government structure, departments such as military and law enforcement were quickly over run. This only brought more protesters out of the dark because of the lack of risk of being caught and targeted by authorities. These protesters had reached a point of total grievance. They were tired of issues such as corruption, economic problems due to unemployment and food-price inflation. This broken government and economic systems are very prevalent within periphery countries because of a social pressure and oppression.
Many countries that are classified as periphery are also called third world countries or developing countries implying a lower status and worth in comparison to core and semi-periphery countries. This can lead to many feeling as if they work only to let the Bourgeoisie nations achieve their dream lifestyle and to have the perfect life. Periphery nations know that they are at the bottom of the list and feel powerless. They feel as if they will have no chance to be known or to make a stand compared to other more privileged countries. These feelings of oppression build within the country and many feel that they are entitled to the same lifestyle or they demand that the core and semi-periphery countries work the same that they do. They form groups of terror to destroy or damage these higher countries to prove they deserve more. They have the feelings of war, but no organized military to declare war. These social, economic, and political changes make the periphery countries feel vulnerable. This feel is due to the capitalist process to always produce while also introducing the relative deprivation of the countries throughout the world system. These deprivations are highly likely to lead to terrorism (Orttung and Makarychev, 2006).
Due to the prevalence of terrorism in these periphery countries, other core countries could benefit in working with the semi-periphery countries benefit in helping create a relation between the core and periphery countries to help subside these feelings of deprivation. The core countries would benefit in being on high alert when dealing with periphery countries being that these reserved feelings of deprivation and oppression would lead periphery extremists to target such core countries that they feel is responsible for their current situations. Core and semi-periphery countries could benefit by educating those periphery countries to help their advancement to create a feeling of moving forward in society.
Cultural Survival. 2005. “Tribal Warfare and “Ethnic” Conflict.” Retrieved Oct. 31st 2016 (https://www.culturalsurvival.org/publications/cultural-survival-quarterly/china/tribal-warfare-and-ethnic-conflict)
Orttung, Robert, and Audrei Stanislavovich Makarychev, 2006. National Counter-Terrorism Strategies: Legal, Institutional, and Public Policy Dimensions in the US, UK, France, Turkey and Russia. Amsterdam: IOS Press.