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Prepared by: Josh Valdez   INTRODUCTION             Ideology of globalization has subsided since the ending of the Cold War. However, terrorist networks have adopted the same tactics and command foundation behind global control and the organized process of destruction within government relations. Within terrorist organizations, sub departments are formed to specialize in recruiting, funding, retaining membership, and logistics. Terrorist organization target critical infrastructure facilities are selected which are most commonly government facilities (physical or virtual) with symbolic value that are central to a community, state, or country (Bordei, 2015).  In the years following the attack on the World Trade Centers,...

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Author: Josh Valdez   Marion Young developed what is to be considered the 5 Faces of Oppression to help us understand better social movements and groups. Oppression is often associated with frustration that leads to violence. Ashley Crossman, a Sociology Expert for About Education, defines social oppression [as] “a concept that describes a relationship of dominance and subordination between categories of people in which one benefits from the systematic abuse, exploitation, and injustice directed toward the other (About Education, 2016).” It is the root of dehumanization and powerful variable in many of the correlations behind violent terrorist organizations. Marion Young...

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Author: Josh Valdez   History likes the idea of successful social movements. Especially in the United States we are advocates for change. In order to demand social change, a group has to be ready to act to bring about this change. These groups are known as Social Movement groups. These groups are highly trained and highly talented. They are not groups to be loose or spontaneous however, many times appear to be. They require years of planning, petition, and reform. The nation’s posterchild of Social Movements is Rosa Parks who is widely known for her brave stand toward the end...

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Author: Josh Valdez              The USA Patriot Act has been a strategy that enhances domestic security to monitor and track terrorist movements within the borders of the United States. For years, the Criminal Justice system has used specialized search warrants as a “crime-fighting tool upheld by courts nationwide for decades in organized crime, drug cases and child pornography” (US Department of Justice, 2005). According to the Justice Department, the ability to tap and monitor telephone and internet usage of suspects has been a vital role in the strategy to prevent violent attacks. Through the Patriot...

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Author: Josh Valdez            Airports would be a shock to some if they were what they used to be before 9/11. Now, we see the lines and the machines as normal life, where we let a blue shirted guard wave us through security just to get on our airplane. The presence of boarder passes and photo identification has never been so prevalent than it was just a decade ago. Government policy began to change drastically as we as a society try and prevent another attack. After 9/11, the Department of Homeland Security was created. It is...

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